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UAE’s Bold Endeavor: The New Federal Prosecution for Economic Crimes and Its Pioneering Role

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Against a backdrop of global economic intricacies and ever-evolving financial crimes, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has once again showcased its visionary leadership. Prioritizing its firm commitment to bolstering economic fortitude, the nation recently unveiled an initiative poised to redefine its financial landscape.

The Crowning Jewel: Federal Prosecution for Economic Crimes

On July 30th, 2023, the UAE made a groundbreaking announcement: the establishment of the new Federal Prosecution, dedicated to economic crimes and money laundering. This isn’t just another judicial body; it stands as the epitome of the UAE’s unwavering commitment to safeguarding its economic integrity. Specifically tailored to handle the complexities of financial offenses, this institution is a testament to the UAE’s proactive stance in preempting and combatting threats to its financial ecosystem.

Setting the Stage: Ministerial Decisions No. 386/2022 and No. 1109/2022

Such decisive moves are built on a solid foundation. The Federal Prosecution for Economic Crimes draws inspiration from earlier reforms, like Ministerial Decision No. 386/2022, which focused on tax evasion, and Ministerial Decision No. 1109/2022, which spotlighted economic crimes and money laundering. These measures, though pivotal, served as precursors to the grand vision realized with the latest prosecution establishment.

Judicial Innovations in Abu Dhabi and Dubai

Parallel to these federal strides, individual emirates have also amplified their efforts. Abu Dhabi’s specialized court for money laundering and tax evasion exemplifies the emirate’s drive for expedited and consistent legal adjudication. On the other hand, Dubai’s dedicated criminal court for money laundering, nested within its judicial framework, reiterates its ambition to cement its status as an international financial beacon.

The Broader Canvas: UAE’s National Action Plan

Beyond individual endeavors, the UAE has painted a masterstroke with its national action plan on financial crime. This comprehensive strategy, steered by the newly instituted executive office on Anti-Money Laundering and Countering the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT), encompasses the nation’s broad vision and its meticulous approach against global financial transgressions.

Ensuring Compliance: The Importance of Legal Counsel

In light of these sweeping reforms, it is imperative for individuals and corporates to navigate this transformed landscape adeptly. Seeking qualified legal counsel becomes not just advisable, but essential. By doing so, entities can ensure they are in full compliance with the nuanced legal directives, thereby mitigating risks and fostering a culture of transparency and accountability. Legal professionals, equipped with a deep understanding of these reforms, can guide businesses and individuals in their endeavors, guaranteeing that they not only remain compliant but also thrive within the UAE’s robust economic framework.

Conclusion: An Exemplary Vision in Action

The establishment of the Federal Prosecution for Economic Crimes isn’t merely a judicial reform; it’s a resounding message. The UAE, through its multifaceted initiatives, is not only setting benchmarks for economic resilience but also exemplifying what visionary governance looks like. In this dynamic world, the nation emerges not just as a hub of prosperity but as a guardian of economic justice and integrity. With the UAE leading the charge, we are on the cusp of a transformative era marked by transparency, accountability, and unparalleled economic prudence.

Seek Legal CounselIf you require expert legal advice or representation regarding cybercrimes, please contact our Head of Financial Crimes, Mohamed El Baghdady, at Habib Al Mulla & Partners on Our team excels in navigating the complex landscape of financial crimes, providing comprehensive, innovative, and personalized legal solutions for our clients. The firm’s Financial Crimes and Compliance practice specializes in a diverse range of services, including conducting internal investigations, drafting, and implementing compliance policies, and providing robust defense strategies for clients involved in financial crime investigations or litigation.

Mohamed El Khatib

Principal Partner – Head of Disputes

Mohamed ElBaghdady

Senior Associate

Marwan Alnooryani

Senior Associate

Basem Ehab


Kholoud Hafez


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